A number of forex traders keep an eye on prices trade in narrow ranges for extensive periods of time, to enable them to trade breakouts when the opportunity lends itself. Given that breakouts stands for a sharp rise in price movement either up or down, traders concentrate on catching on the movement as fast as possible. Excessively zealous traders are attracted to follow the price, which can result to huge losses. The secret is to enter as early as possible but not when it is already very late. To succeed, you must be able to identify the signs of a forex breakout, then confirm them prior to the time you enter the trade.
In this guide, we would examine simple but yet lucrative forex breakout trading strategies that assist traders to make move at the right time and avoid pursuing losers. There are two channel-breakout trading strategies. They are known as the “pop-and-stop” and “drop-and-stop strategies. They are particularly useful around session-opening times. These strategies are concentrated on the leading currency pairs, the EUR/USD, USD/JPY, EUR/JPY, GBP/USD trading on hourly or daily time frames. They are short-term strategies that are focused on just a few indicators. They depend on simple, clear-cut trading rules, and tend to be very profitable.
The Harami is a pattern that is very useful for confirming both bullish and bearish breakouts. This includes the exit position from thriving “long” trades. It is made up of one long candle that moves ahead of a shorter candle coming after it with its body within the range of the bigger body.
The bearish Harami in the chart bellow illustrates standard downward-moving (black) candlesticks with important “wicks” which signal a looming retracement.
Mechanical trading systems can estimate the values of the candlestick and incorporate suitable trading rules and utilize Harami candles to indicate either the end of a bullish run-up, or a convergence after a downward trend.
Although, this article is about the drop and stop trade, we’ll first give a brief overview of the pop and stop trade given that both work with related principle. We would then build on that knowledge to explain the drop and stop trade. The pop-and-stop is a forex breakout trading strategy that is centered on price action together with other trading indicators, like the rejection bar candle chart pattern, Harami candle pattern, round-number forex price levels, Bollinger Bands, polarity indicators, or other indicators of close support and resistant levels.
When making use of hourly or daily candlestick chart, a 50-period simple moving average (50 SMA) is a preferred trend filter.
Upside Breakouts: The pop and stop trade for bullish breakouts
The candlestick chart above illustrates price breakout close to the opening of the forex trading session shown by the white circle to the left in addition to a bullish rejection bar that created an unconnected pattern that didn’t present an opportunity for a stop-and-pop trading opportunity represented by the circle in the right.
It’s commonly not easy to identify the cause of the upside break till after. Frequently, it occurs as a result of a news announcement or merely the weight of heavy players that take long stances in the base currency.
During these events, , the price “pops” out of its preceding range, then for a short time “stops” and afterwards resume its upward movement. This trade position is illustrated on the left-hand-side with white circle on the above chart.
The circled chart pattern on the left in the figure above illustrates two bullish rejection bars being created and rebuffing on top of a round price number, which is illustrated with the gray line. All through the third period, the trade is entered at two pips above the high of the second rejection bar.
Basically, a forex breakout in one direction that illustrates a long candle is followed by a repeat movement back to the point where the price first moved away from range. This occurs when the rapid price move has happened due to a liquidity gap crosswise a range with not many orders.
The downside breakouts: Drop-and-stop trades
Forex traders can as well trade with drop-and-stop bearish downside breakouts. This is the exact opposite of the pop-and-stop bullish upside breakouts. Similarly, drop-and-stop downside breakouts are particularly tradable during the opening hours of key forex sessions.
The above chart illustrates the forex price wavering at the polarity indicator, then breaking downward in a succession of strong bearish candles under the previous range. The first drop-and-stop trading opportunity is illustrated in the left circle. Despite the fact that the subsequent candlestick wasn’t completely confirmed by bearish rejection bars, you can still enter trade after the end of the bearish candle.
With the mechanical trading system, the entry point should be set at one or two pips under the monthly pivot, as illustrated in the above chart or another dependable indicator like Bollinger Bands, polarity indicators, or close by trading range levels.
The next circle in the figure above illustrates a second drop-and-stop trading situation, with a bearish close-rejection candlestick that provides confirmation for the signal. The trading system ought to enter the trade at the low point of the strongest rejection bar or nearly all bearish candle.
How to trade forex Downside Breakout: The drop and stop trade
The principles involved in Pop ‘n’ Stop Trades and drop and stop trades are identical. We will thus show how support and resistance breakout work in pop ’n’ and drop and as well show how it works for drop ‘n’ stop strategy or breakouts to the downside.
The breakout trading system is especially helpful during session open times. The rules below were gathered together after studying London breakout trading and other associated strategies like the New York breakout forex strategy.
The chart above illustrates price breaking robustly in an upward trend on top of a tapered range at the left. There were no potential entries on this breakout with the use of the pop and stop method. Nonetheless, price created a very good evening star candlestick pattern at the blue dotted line. This shows the weekly pivot. The trader would have entered a short trade behind the first long candle down. However, this depends on the other confluences that happened at this stage.
As soon as price had established the breakout in the upward trend, it then went back over with another savage breakout to the downside; it had a break immediately beneath another weekly pivot. This action is illustrated by the white circle. Initially, price rejects a number of times from a round number (which is indicated by grey dotted line) before concluding that the movement is on with a bearish rejection bar candle moving down from the weekly pivot.
In actual fact, this is not the best trade given that the price has previously made a lot of traders tired with the upward movement and during the subsequent long and sharp downward movement. Technically what this implies is that a good deal of the average daily range is bound to have been used up at this point. There is as well the question of that round number before any short trade. Nonetheless, we have provided it here to help to illustrate that the strategy can be effective when it used in combination with price action.
Observe the way price broke under the round number and then kept on retracing and rebuff from it in a downward movement. Price in the end returned back to its downward movement but this most likely would have resulted in a breakeven trade, or possibly a 1.5:1 winner.
The chart above shows price weakening at the polarity indicator above the chart and then breaking-in with progressively stronger bearish candles to the downside from the range that came before it to the left.
The Drop ’n’ Stop happened at the first white circle, but there was no confirmation from a bearish rejection bar to signal to the trader that it is the right time to enter the trade. Exercising some judgment, a trader could have entered after the close of the bearish candle at the right of the circle, with an entry perhaps one or two pips under the monthly pivot (dashed line).
The second white circle illustrates a second drop and stop situation. This time again, it didn’t come with a realistic bearish rejection candlestick to back up the movement to enter trade. However, the bearish candle at the right side of the circle shows a somewhat risky, nearly-rejection-bar candle entrance.
Any of these entries, though not a perfect move, would have been profitable. In the end though, the movement was worn out at that round number observable at the bottom of the chart, structuring many rejection movements from it. Observe that the concluding confirmation of a reversal was itself a bullish rejection candlestick from the round number. When the subsequent candle closed above the range of this last Drop’n’Stop area, it showed that chances are that price would drift back upwards.
As price flowed back up, it in the end closed above the polarity stream indicated by the yellow indicator. At this stage, you can trade with another strategy known as the Bladerunner Reversal. You will find details about this in our previous article.
Tips to trade the drop and stop breakout strategies
Be cautious of false breakouts
After a noticeable breakout, there is a risk that the space may be “filled.” It’s essential to utilize the subsequent rejection bars to confirm the indicators before entering the trade order. It’s as well best to trade a pop-and-stop bullish breakout in the direction of market sentiment, particularly after news results to a price breakout from a fine trading range.
The pop-and-stop breakout strategy is best when trading the major, highly-liquid forex currency pairs which have enough support for the confluence to go on. Similarly, the trader needs to be aware of forthcoming news or corporate announcements that may speedily repeal market sentiment and fill in the latest price gap.
Timing and volume are essential to be successful with breakout trading
High volume is the one most significant confirmation for a breakout and successive show of trend. Despite the fact that forex markets are open 24 hours globally, trade volume differs in different time ranges. The biggest markets are London/Europe, New York, and Tokyo/Asia.
Potentially, the largest currency trading volumes occur when the New York and London sessions rally for many hours. This occurs also for currencies such as Japanese Yen or Australian Dollar whose principal marketplaces are not open during these time zones.And, the lowest total forex trading volume is frequently seen after the New York session closes, in the couple of hours prior to the time when the Tokyo market opens.
This is significant due to the fact that intraday and daily forex breakout strategies like “pop-and-stop” and “drop-and-stop” have the potential to be more successful when there is a high trading volume and pricing range together with a huge number of market players.
The early London breakouts
Given the fact that London is a principal worldwide forex trading and financial center, it frequently establishes a short-term trend which influences other markets opening towards the end at London’s session. The beginning hours of the London session is particularly viable for lucrative “pop/drop-and-stop” breakout trades.
If you have a great Expert Advisor (EA), the mechanical trading system can be prepared for breakouts which frequently occur at the opening hours of the forex sessions in London and New York. In reality, these breakout strategies functions especially very well for the London open.
The breakout trading strategies and Trading rules
The pop-and-stop is a short-term, bullish breakout-scalping strategy. Your best bet is to set tight stops, of roughly two to five pips, and take profits rather fast. When trading the main currency pairs, the secure take-profit limit appears to fall within a ratio of roughly 1.5:1 or possibly 2:1.
Starting from 8:00 GMT when the London session opens, the mechanical trading system keeps watch over the highs and lows of the candlesticks. The trading system’s move is “long” if the price of the forex pair cuts through the high of one or the two of the rejection bars, and the price is on top of the 50 SMA.
The trading system’s move changes to “short” if the price moves under the lowest point of either or both of the rejection bars, if the price is under the 50 SMA.
The size of the position ought to be limited to no more than two or three percent of the trading‘s equity.
To minimize the risk of trading over-correlated currency pairs, the system puts a limit of just one open trade everyday, which could be long or short.
Risk management and stop-loss orders
Forex trading strategy that is concentrated on breakouts needs suitable risk management. When trading with “pop-and-stop” and “drop-and-stop” breakout strategies with indicators that confirm the trade entrance is viable, forex traders should make use of stop-loss levels just a few pips away from the entry points.
Both for long and short positions, the mechanical trading system routinely assigns the stop-loss exit order at a position from two to five pips outside the entry point.
As soon as the price movement is positive, the trading system shifts the trailing stop next to subsequent support or resistance level as illustrated by the preceding candles, and updates it.
Anecdotal reports of backtesting by a few forex traders with the use of these two breakout strategies have shown potential returns of roughly sixty in roughly eight months, which is a compound annual growth rate of more than 100 percent whereas max drawdown was not up to thirteen percent.
Forex breakout trading “pop-and-stop” and “drop-and-stop” strategies can help a forex trader to make decent returns provided that the trader depends on suitable authentication that the breakout will persist. These confirmation can include rejection bar and Harami candlestick estimations, or other indicators like Bollinger Bands and support-resistance oscillators.
Before you enter the market, you should look for high trading volume and a wide range of market players. If you accurately time entries, breakouts can be highly lucrative moves.